Colosseum and Roman Forum

The Colosseum and Roman Forum are the heart of the Ancient Rome

Roman ForumTo really feel yourself in the center of the rich centuries-old history of Ancient Rome, and in a small space to really see and feel the change of centuries, eras and rulers, you need to visit the heart of Rome – the Roman Forum.

Each of us heard a saying from childhood: “All roads lead to Rome”. But not everyone knows that this is not just a winged expression.

The construction of this roads began during the period of rapid growth of the Roman Empire.

At that time Romans were actively conquering more and more territories; so the legions needed to leave the center for arriving to distant borders.

On the other side, gold and wealth of conquered states needed to carry back from the conquered territories.

And in the 20-ies BC. the Emperor Octavian Augustus established on the territory of the Roman Forum a gold mile stone. It was the symbolic center of Rome (“The Navel of the City”) and the Roman world.

From all the sides of the vast Empire have led roads, and you can see the remains of this two thousand-years-old historical monument on the ruins of the forum.

Colosseum

ColosseumThe Colosseum was built in less than 10 years. This unrivalled masterpiece of monumental architecture from the heyday of the Roman Empire adorn the center of the Italian capital for almost 20 centuries, despite all the natural and political cataclysms.

The arena of countless bloody gladiatorial fights … A sadly famous place for the painful deaths of thousands of early Christians … The cemetery of an incredible number of exotic animals brought here from all parts of the vast and powerful empire … The market and vegetable store, the source of building materials for all of Rome – it passed the Colosseum during its two thousand years of history.

Emperor Vespasian built The Colosseum in 72 AD. by  and its originally name was Flavian Amphitheater.
For its construction the artificial lake, created by the order of Emperor Nero during the construction of his famous Golden House, was drained. This was one of the reasons for the collapse of the southern wall of the Colosseum during the powerful earthquake of 1349.

The flowering of the Colosseum has during almost 5 centuries. The barbarian invasion of the Great Roman Empire laid the foundation for its gradual desolation and destruction. Until the XVIII century, rulers of Rome used the Colosseum for the most unimaginable purposes.

For example, the creation of a cloth factory or a plant for the production of saltpetre. And only Pope Benedict XIV declared him a sacred place for Christians, than saved from final destruction. Thanks to this, we still have the opportunity to enjoy the majestic monument of classical antiquity.

Roman Forum

Roman ForumLocated in the lowlands between the five main hills of Rome, the ancient forum was originally a wetland. The Inhabitants of the surrounding settlements used it for burial.

Finally in the republican period (5-1 century BC) the Forum becomes the center of the political and economic life.

From the buildings of that era we can see today only the remains of the Temple of Concordia and the columns of the most ancient Roman Temple of Saturn. The remaining of the others buildings were destroyed and buried under the buildings of later times.

The flourishing of the Roman forum falls on the early imperial period, especially the “golden age” of the reign of Octavian Augustus. At that time it became the center of the business, religious and social life of the city. Here the criminal cases have dealt and the criminals have executed.

In the beginning of the Christian era, they began to build new temples and churches on the site of the ancient forum. Among them we can mention the church of Saints Luca and Martina.

Already by the 8th century AD. the forum completely lost its significance. On its outskirts, workshops with kilns for roasting began to build. At that time local residents disassembled ancient buildings for the construction of houses. Consequently they burnt marble to obtain lime, and cattle was grazing on the open spaces between ancient ruins.

Unfortunately the interest to the Forum as a monument of architecture and history began to appear only in the Renaissance. So large-scale excavations began only at the beginning of the 19th century.

By that time they destroyed a significant part of the buildings. The stone was looted for the construction of houses and churches.

Until now, only a few buildings  preserved well, such as Curia, Settimio Severo Arch, Basilica Ulpia, Saints Luca and Martina Temple. Unfortunately, the main part of buildings, has survived to our times only in the form of remnants of sites and individual columns.

Tours

Wander through the ruins of the forum, admire the change of centuries, reflected in ancient ruins, you can all day. And we need all of life to get acquainted with the history, frozen in a stone! For the first acquaintance, it’s enough to walk with a tour.

An excursion to the Colosseum, the Roman Forum and the Palatine Hill, will take at least 2 – 3 hours. It was the place where palaces of the first Roman Emperors were located.

During this tour you will have time to get a lot of interesting and fascinating information, that you may have difficulty finding on the internet. We will soon transfer you almost three millennia ago, to the depths of centuries, into the most powerful empire of the ancient world.

The entrance ticket is one to visit three main attractions: the Roman Forum, the Palatine Hill and the Colosseum.

There are several excursion options: for further information and reservation check the tours page or contact us: info@italtraveler.com