Villa Borghese

Villa Borghese - RomeAt first, Villa Borghese is one of the largest parks in Rome. It’s the third largest public park in Rome. Its area is about 80 hectares. The biggest park is Villa Doria Pamphili and the next is Villa Ada.

This park extends largely on the Pinciano district and a small part on the Campo Marzio district. It  divides by the Aurelian Walls.

Villa Borghese includes different types of landscapes. Here You can find the Italian garden and large areas of English style, buildings, small buildings, fountains and ponds.

A little of History of Villa Borghese

The first residence of Cardinal Scipione Borghese gave the name for the villa.

So, in 1580 the Borghese family already had the principal part of the villa. At the beginning of the Villa Borghese - Romeseventeenth century the architects Flaminio Ponzio and Giovanni Vasanzio built the “Casino Nobile” .

And in the twentieth century, it houses in the museum Galleria Borghese, one of the most prestigious collections of works of art from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century.

Here you can find masterpieces by artists such as Raphael, Titian, Caravaggio, Bernini and Canova.

Architecture

In 1606 the gardener Domenico Savini from Montelpulciano joined to the architects. There was also the intervention of other artists, such as Pietro and Gianlorenzo Bernini.

In 1633 Villa Borghese completed. It houses numerous historic buildings such as the Casino del Graziano, the Casino Giustiniani, the Uccelliera and the Meridiana with its marvellous secret gardens.

It hosts numerous neoclassical and nineteenth-century buildings. Such as the Casino dell’Orologio, the Fortezzuola, the large Giardino del Lago, characterized by a romantic artificial island dominated by the Tempietto di Esculapio, redesigned and built in 1786 by Antonio Asprucci.

Villa Borghese - RomeInside the villa there are several structures. Such as the Museo Canonica, the Casina delle Rose with the Casa del Cinema, the Casino di Raffaello with a playroom for children. There are the zoological garden recently transformed into Villa Borghese - RomeBioparco and the Civic Museum of Zoology.

Finally, here You can find the “Orangery”. It transformed into the new Carlo Bilotti Museum with works of contemporary art.

Also near Piazza di Siena You can see the Globe Theater. The circular theater  respects the original form of the theater built in London in 1599.

See also Borghese Gallery